Critical Thinking Technique
Discovering the real cause of a problem through logical reasoning.
The Practice for Bold Thinking uses a number of proven techniques for logical reasoning:
- Philosophical inquiry techniques “What precisely do you mean?”
Rational analysis “Is this step the logical consequence of the previous one?”
Systems Dynamics “What is the effect of this intervention on the process?”
Philosophical inquiry techniques
What precisely do you mean?
Philosophical inquiry techniques investigate abstract concepts such as privacy, safety, privatization, solidarity, recidivism, ethical behavior and the role of the government. The inquiry techniques are based on different philosophical schools of thought.
Philosophical inquiry techniques help with:
* Precise description
* Revealing suppositions
* Clear analysis
* Putting into perspective
Philosophical inquiry techniques are applied to completely new problems, shifting values, strict evaluations and choices.
Is this step the logical consequence of the previous one?
Charles Kepner and Benjamin Tregoe laid the foundations for systematic Relational Analysis as far back as the fifties. They discovered that successful decision making had less to do with a person’s position in the organisation than with the logical processes of collection, organisation, and analysis of information before taking action.
Structuring thinking techniques deal with a complex thinking situation one step at a time. :Rational Analysis thinking processes include:
· Situation Appraisal – what is going on?
· Problem Analysis – how could this happen?
· Decision Analysis – what must we do about it?
· Possible Problem & Opportunity Analysis – what could happen?
· Analytical Trouble Shooting – what is the real problem?
· Reliability & Maintenance Engineering – how to design for reliability and low maintenance costs?
· Managing Human Performance – how to fully employ human potential?
· Project Management – how to plan and realize?
Can the system be influenced?
Systems Dynamics was developed by Jay Forrester in the sixties. Systems Dynamics is a method for studying and steering social systems with complex feedback such as companies, societies, families, cities, organizations and states.
In complex systems, the effects of a cause often reinforce the original cause via other causal chains. Unexpected links can exist between causes and effects.
Systems Dynamics help to map out the structure of the feedback and dynamics. This enables changes in, for example, a social or a socio-economic system to be designed.
Companies apply Systems Dynamics to anticipate long term changes in the market. Governments apply Systems Dynamics to determine the effects of policy options. Teams in learning organisations use Systems Dynamics to integrate the views of the team members into a team view.